How Orthopedics and Physical Therapy Work Together


When an orthopedic physician has determined that physical therapy is necessary for the treatment of a specific complaint, they may refer the patient to a physical therapist. The physical therapist will perform a comprehensive evaluation to find the underlying cause of the complaint. They will take measurements and assess the patient's posture and musculoskeletal structures. They will also watch here the patient move and listen to the patient's complaints.

Strength training

Strength training is an essential part of rehabilitation for individuals suffering from musculoskeletal disorders. It can help restore function to patients following surgeries, injuries, or diseases. Its focus is to improve the overall strength and function of patients, while reducing pain and restoring range of motion. Strength training involves the use of specific exercises and progressive overload.

Strength training can involve using free weights, resistance bands, and weight machines. Beginners should focus on training a couple of times per week. It is also recommended that clients undergo a health screening and consult a physical therapist or a doctor before starting a fitness program. It is important to rest each muscle group for at least 48 hours after performing an exercise to maximize gains.

Manual therapy

Manual therapy is a type of physical therapy that focuses on restoring joint movement and flexibility. Therapists use pressure and movement to manipulate soft tissue and joints, increasing circulation and relieving pain. This therapy is also effective in breaking up scar tissue. In addition, patients may be given exercises to do at home between sessions.

This fellowship program trains clinicians in orthopedic and sports-related conditions using manual therapy. This program is recognized as a candidate program by the American Board of Physical Therapy Residency and Fellowship Education (ABPTE). The curriculum is delivered through a web-based learning management system. It allows students to complete didactics at their own pace, while still allowing ample time for clinical training. Participants also gain hands-on experience in acute care, pediatrics, and vestibular rehabilitation.

Electrical stimulation

Electrical stimulation is a common treatment used to treat a variety of physical conditions, including spasticity and pain. It works by stimulating specific sensory nerve fibers in the body to inhibit pain and elicit the release of neurotransmitters. Patients may experience tingling during treatment, which lasts for a short period. The intensity of the current used is adjusted to the patient's comfort level. A higher current will have a greater effect, but should not be uncomfortable.

Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is an electrical stimulus that targets the affected area to improve mobility and relieve pain. This type of therapy uses small electrodes that are placed on the skin. A physical therapist can control how much stimulation a patient receives by switching on and off these electrodes. It is effective for rehabilitating muscle function, reducing pain, and improving joint mobility. NMES may be used in conjunction with other physical therapy techniques.

Low-level laser therapy

Low-level lasers are powerful medical devices that can help relieve inflammation, pain, and swelling caused by trauma and other conditions. They work by sending pulses of light to the tissues, which interrupts pain signals. Low-level lasers are particularly effective in treating muscles, tendons, and joints.

Low-level laser therapy is a safe procedure. It is effective at decreasing pain and increasing nerve function. It also prevents the formation of keloids in scars, and improves blood circulation in the affected area. As a Class III laser device, low-level laser therapy does not cause heat or coagulate tissue, making it safe for use on painful tissue or in pregnant women.

Preparing for surgery

Before undergoing orthopedic surgery, you should educate yourself about the procedure and create a treatment plan. Getting a thorough understanding of how the process works will help you recover more quickly and have fewer complications. Your doctor will also perform a physical examination. These tests are usually performed about a week before major surgery.

You should also make arrangements for help from friends and family. A spouse or relative may be able to take time off work to assist you. In addition, arrange for childcare if you have young children or pets. Another family member may be able to drive you home from the hospital. Having a support system during the recovery process will make the experience less stressful on you and your family.

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